copyright M.A. Nangini

NB: The use of the term
"Being Metaphor" an
invention of the author, is
granted with appropriate
credits given to  the author at
all times; Used without credit
constitutes infringement of
Simple Steps for Developing The Metacognitive Strategy
"Being Metaphor" :

1. From a secret bag (for children up to ten) or from what is
hidden under a cloth touch an object and imagine what it is.
Write (say, tell a scribe) as many word descriptors of your â
€˜guesses’ as come to mind.
2. Take the object out of the bag. Notice how close your guess
is to the real object. Record all the real physical attributes.
3. Using the object from the bag, or another object of your
choice, draw a small picture of it at the centre of a large poster-
sized paper and web all possible attributes around it. When
these are exhausted - colour, size, shape, function, texture,
uses etc. extend the web with the statement "It reminds me of"
or "It looks like". There is no end to this section - only the limit
of paper. (Children often want to extend the sides of the paper.)
4. Connect the attributes to other objects not only in their
similarities, but also in their differentness. (Ask: What does it
remind me of, look like, feel like, work like.......?)
5. From the concrete switch to the abstract connections of
ideas making the familiar different and the different familiar.
6. Next, speak for the object, by pretending to be the object.
Become the object. Visualize and feel as the object would
under any circumstance. "Being Object" puts us in the position
of the object and is useful to develop empathy through
"Being Butterfly" "Being Salt" "Being Light"
7. For each step create a web to map the connections.
8. Create analogy/metaphor statements from the connections in
a poetry format. EG:
"Walking In The Light : Being Salt"
Links Tour:
My Info:
From Attribute Sense-ing to Analogy - to “Being Metaphor�

With small children, the abstract concept of 'analogy' has to be
simplified with the game of make believe. The child is allowed to
experience connectiveness through similarities and differences by
guessing the shape of a disguised object. These ‘guesses’ are
really analogies because the shape triggers the mind to recall that
which  â€˜reminds, feels, looks, tastes (if edible), like’ or unlike
something else. Pretending to be the object or experiencing
"metaphor in being" is a fictional leap of the mind at play pretending â
€œas ifâ€� being a train, a plane, a snowball, or a space traveller.
Identifying the attributes of each object brings to focus the uniqueness
of design, function, symmetry, peculiarity…etc. of individuality. The
capacities for a "heightened awareness of being" garnered from these
three skills - attribute identification, analogy and metaphor, are
inseparable and interdependent. Developing these three capacities in
children and re-inforcing them with adults, connects us to
Cosmogenetic Principle of life as told in The Universe Story by
Swimme & Berry:
       Autopoiesis(or uniqueness of being): experienced and accepted
through attribute being-ness: listing/listening/observing/

 Differentiation (or multiform and diversity of life): celebrated
through analogy's different-ness and like-ness of being

 Communion (or relatedness of being):  developed with â
€œBeing Metaphorâ€� through empathy's indwelling powers of
being embodied spirits in communion